The vibrant history of the city of Chennai which was previously named as Madras, traces back to 368 years and Chennai was originally a tiny fishing village. The region surrounding Chennai has served as a significant administrative, military, and economic centre dating back to the 1st century. It has been ruled by renowned South Indian kingdoms like the Pallava, the Chola, the Pandya, and Vijaynagar empires.

On 22 August 1639, Francis Day of the British East India Company acquired a small strip of land in the Coromandel Coast from the Vijayanagara King, Peda Venkata Raya (a.k.a. Venkata III) in Chandragiri. The region was under by the Damerla Venkatapathy, Nayak of Vandavasi.The permission was granted to build a factory and warehouse for their trading activities. A year later, Fort St George was built, which gradually became the nucleus around which the colonial city grew. In 1746, Fort St George and Madras were captured by the French under General La Bourdonnais, the Governor of Mauritius, who ransacked the town and its outlying villages.

Chennai is the only Indian city to be attacked by the Central Powers during World War I, when an oil depot was shelled by the German light cruiser SMS Emden. After independence in 1947, the city attained the status of the capital of Madras State, which was renamed Tamil Nadu in 1969. Tamil is the main language. Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Hindi are some of the other widely spoken Indian languages. English is also used for business purposes.
Population Density per Sq. Km 26903
Population (2012) 4,681,087
Altitude 0 ft. Sea Level
Religion Hindus, Christians, Muslims  
Time 5.30 GMT
STD Code 044
ISD Code +91
Postal 600 xxx
Vehicle TN-01 to TN-22
Climate Summer: Max 37°C Min 21.10 °C
Winter : Max 32°C Min 19.81°C

» The Fort stands as a symbol of the British rule, facing the sea It is the first British fort build around1653 by the British East India Company.
» The structure of the fort is a fine example of 17th century British military architecture, built in 1966. It has a 20 feet thick wall.
» It has the country's tallest flagstaff is over 300 years old. Within the fort, a number of other early buildings still stand of which St. Mary's Church is the most interesting.
» The church contains several antiquities, not the least being the oldest British tombstones in India and memories of weddings in which Clive and Elihu Yale, benefactor of America's Yale University, Arthur Wellesley who became Wellington and Warren Hastings were present for weddings held here.
» Opposite the Church is the Pay accounts office. It was formerly Robert Clive's house commemorates the Empire-builder who first learnt his trade here. It is open to the public.
Visiting Time Timings of visit: 09.00 am to 5.00 pm. Closed on - Friday
Entry Fee For Indians: Rs. 5/- For Others: US $ 2 or Rs. 100/-
(Children up to 15 years free)
Address Archaeological Survey of India, Fort St. George, Chennai –600 009,
Phone 044-25671127; 25670854

» The Fort Museum is in the campus of Fort St George. It exhibits Armory, coins, medals and other artifacts used by the British.
» This building first housed the office of the Madras Bank.
» The first floor of the building has the banquet hall. It has the paintings of the Governor of the Fort and other high officials of the Regime.
» The canons of Tipu Sultan decorate the ramparts of the museum.
Visiting Time Timings of visit: 09.00 am to 5.00 pm. Closed on - Friday
Entry Fee For Indians: Rs. 5/- For Others: US $ 2 or Rs. 100/-
(Children up to 15 years free)
Address Archaeological Survey of India, Fort St. George, Chennai –600 009,
Phone 044-25671127; 25670854
» Guindy National Park and Snake Park are in Guindy ,a good family picnic spot .
» It is the smallest of the national parks in India. It is a sanctuary to the endangered Black Bucks, ,Spotted Deer.
» Mongoose, Jackals, Monkeys, reptiles and birds also live there. The Deer Park and the Snake Park are supported by the World Wildlife Fund.
» They are located in the Raj Bhavan premises at Guindy, within the city limits.
» There are about 24 varieties of trees are there in the park and maintained.
» One end of the park is Raj Bhavan and the other end is Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Chennai. Adjacent to the National Park is the Snake Park.
Visiting Time 9am-6pm, Wednesday to Monday Duration: 2-3 hours
Entry Fee INR 15 per adult and INR 10 per child
Address 259, Anna Salai, DMS Compound, Teynampet, Chennai, 600006
Phone +91-44-24321471
» The Second longest in the world. It is a dream place for ‘Walkers’ . The beach has been given at major face lift recently making it a great tourists and picnic spot. Many old and historic buildings adorn the other side of the road.
» The monumental buildings are Senate House of the University of Madras, Chepauk Palace (now P.W.D office), 19th century Presidency College building, Chepauk palace, Queen Mary’s College and Ice House.
» The building presently used by the Director General of Police office. Was initially used as a Masonic Temple in 1839.
» The beach has new artificial fountains and parks which adds to its beauty. There is a swimming pool and an aquarium located opposite to the Presidency college which is a great attraction for tourists.
» The swimming pool is run by the State Government. The pool offers swimming classes at nominal charges. The aquarium has good collection of marine and fresh water fishes.
» At the southern end of the Marina Beach is the new Light House. It stands 48m above sea level. The light house is open to visitors from 14 Hrs to 16 Hrs .
Visiting Time 6am-10pm, All Days
Entry Fee Free
Address Marina Beach,  Chennai.
» A wonderful picnic spot. The effect caused by the rocking bridge over backwaters is stunning and exciting.
» Its about 30 Kms from Chennai on East Coast road which leads to Mammalapuram.
» The other picnic spots in near proximity are VGP Golden beach, MGM Dizzy World and Mayajaal, Dakshina Chitra.
Visiting Time 9am-6pm, All days
Address Kovalam, Muttukadu East Coast Road, Chennai.
Phone +(91) – 9952995827
» VGP Golden beach Universal Kingdom Amusement Park is the main attraction for children.
» In the premises there are Swimming Pool, Go Karting, Dashing cars, Water Chutes, Cultural Shows, Dance Musical Performances , aquarium and Jurassic Park etc.
» The other picnic spots in near proximity are Muttukadu Boat House, MGM Dizzy World, Mayajaal, Dakshina Chitra.
Visiting Time 9:00 am – 7 pm
Entry Fee Adult : Rs 100/- Child : Rs 50/-( below 6 years)
Address VGP Universal Kingdom, VGP Square, Chennai - 600 015 ,
Website -
Phone 044 - 24356900
» Situated on the outskirts of Chennai city (32 km), the sprawling 1, 265 acre (510 hectare) Anna Zoological Park is said to be one of the biggest in South Asia.
» The park has a rich population of tropical mammals, birds and reptiles amongst others.
» It is situated about 25 Kms from Chennai on the Chennai Chenglepet GST .The nearest railhead is Vandalur (1km).
Visiting Time Open on all days except Tuesdays, from 11 am to 7 pm.
Entry Fee
Adults (above 12 years) : Rs. 30/- Children (5 to 12 years) : Rs. 10/-
Below 5 years : Entry Free Still Camera : Rs. 25/-
Handy Cam : Rs. 150/- Above 12 years : Rs. 30/-
Discount rates for Government and Aided School Children 5 to 12 years : Rs. 2/-
Other Charges Zoo Rounds Vehicle :
Adult (above 12 years) : Rs. 30/-
hildren (3 to 12 years) : Rs. 10/-
CLion Safari Vehicle : Children (3 to 12 years) : Rs. 10/-  Adult (above 12 years) : Rs. 30/-
Wheel Chair Rs. 25/- Battery operated vehicle: Per vehicle : Rs.330/-
Address The Chief Conservator of Forests and Director
Arignar Anna Zoological Park, Vandalur, Chennai - 600 048.
Phone  044-22751089 ,